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  • Hard Rock, Hard Luck

    by Johanna Blume, Eiteljorg assistant curator of Western Art | Jul 05, 2015

    Come to camp with our Spirits way down dont [sic] like the looks of the country. [A]nd I dont [sic] like the looks of the men dont [sic] believe there is a claim on the creek that will pay wages. —Jerry Bryan, 1876 

    The general character of my mining has been to get the ore out, reduce it to bullion, and sell it . . . [I]n other words, we were engaged in what is called legitimate mining . . . On the whole, I think that mining is about the best business of all. —George Hearst, in his 1890 memoir

    In 1876 approximately 10,000 fortune seekers poured into Deadwood Gulch with dreams of easily gotten gold. For most, these dreams were quickly shattered when reality hit. The canyon terrain was extremely rough and difficult to navigate. The most profitable claims were scattered haphazardly throughout the Hills, isolated from one another. The richest deposits of gold were veins running through hard rock, which necessitated the use of heavy machinery like stamp mills to extract the gold.

    None of these conditions were conducive to success for individual miners or small mining companies, and it didn’t take long for larger companies to squeeze out the competition. In the latter part of the nineteenth and early part of the twentieth centuries, gold mining in the Black Hills underwent rapid industrialization, with the Homestake Mining Company dominating the field.

    The Homestake claim was first filed in April 1876 by brothers Fred and Moses Manuel, but soon after was purchased from them by George Hearst. A veteran of the California gold rush who had made his fortune running a general merchandise store and investing in mines, Hearst rapidly expanded the mine’s operations. The city of Lead (pronounced “leed”) developed with the mine and was a company town. It was the largest and deepest gold mine in North America, and until it closed January 2002, one of the most productive. The mine has since been converted into a deep underground science and engineering laboratory, renamed the Sanford Underground Research Facility, and is used by physicists to study neutrinos and dark matter.

    0070.220.001
    Between Pluma and Lead in 1890, 1890
    Image courtesy of Historic Deadwood, Inc., Adams Museum Collection; 0070.220.001

     61-16
    Homestake Workings, ca. 1920
    Image courtesy of Deadwood History, Inc., Homestake Mining Company Collection; 61-16

     25-1
    Carpenter Crew, ca. 1900
    Image courtesy of Deadwood History, Inc., Homestake Mining Company Collection; 25-1

    Go comment!




  • Gold in the Extreme

    by Johanna Blume, Eiteljorg assistant curator of Western Art | Jul 03, 2015

    Gold miners in the rushes to the Far North had to contend with extreme and challenging conditions.

     
    In the diggings around Dawson, the seasons dictated which work was done when. Miners dug through the fall and winter, amassing towering piles of loose rock and dirt. Then in the spring and summer, they processed these piles with gold pans, rockers, and massive systems of interconnected sluice boxes. The processing work had to wait until the warmer months when streams and rivers thawed, providing access to the massive amounts of water needed to wash the sediment and extract the gold. This meant that sometimes miners labored for months before discovering whether they had staked a profitable claim or not.

    The discovery of gold on the beaches around Nome, Alaska, sparked a mini-rush that offered some of the most unusual and grueling working conditions. Prospectors worked on the shores of the Bering Sea, often knee deep in muck and frigid seawater, shoveling the gold-laced sand into rockers.

      Hegg53A@300ppi_8x10-smaller
    Mining Claim No. 17 Eldorado Creek Looking Up French Gulch, Yukon Territory, ca. 1898
    Photographer: Eric A. Hegg
    Image courtesy of University of Washington Libraries, Special Collections; Hegg 53A

     1998.34.1.21-smaller
    Canyon Creek, Yukon Territory, 1909
    Image courtesy of the Washington State Historical Society; 1998.34.1.21

     A.Curtis46156@300ppi_8x10-smaller
    Panning for Gold in Sluice Box, Charles Hutchinson Claim, Gold Hill Bonanza Creek, Yukon Territory, 1899
    Photographer: Asahel Curtis
    Image courtesy of University of Washington Libraries, Special Collections Division; CUR1480

     asl_p28_066-smaller

     

    Surf washing, Nome, Alaska, ca. 1905
    Image courtesy of the Alaska State Library, Lomen Brothers Photo Collection, 1903-1920; P44-03-184

     

    Go comment!




  • Indian Market and Festival 2015 |Traditional Hopi Piki Bread

    by Debi Lander | Jun 25, 2015
    As Indian Market and Festival draws near, we’d like to tell you about some of the things we’re extra excited about.

     
    Number 1: The 1491s
    Number 2: Twin Rivers 
    Number 3: Down Feathers and Masks! 
    Number 4: Stories!
    Number 5: Buck! 
    and...
    Number 6: Traditional Hopi Piki Bread!

    We are thrilled that Iva Honyestewa (Hopi) will be doing Piki Bread making demonstrations throughout the weekend of Indian Market and Festival, June 27-28. You can also catch Navajo Frybread and Miami Acorn Flatbread demos. piki 1 
    What do you need to know about Piki Bread?

    By Debi Lander of http://bylanderseafood.blogspot.com/

    Piki bread is a traditional staple of the Hopi people and the ancient New Mexico Pueblo peoples. The dry, thin rolled bread truly melts in your mouth and tastes delicious. The technique used to make the featherweight thin bread is difficult to master and has been passed down from mothers to daughters for generations. I had the privilege of watching Iva Honyestewa make the authentic recipe in her own piki house on the Hopi lands in Arizona.

    Piki takes several days to make from scratch but Iva started her preparations beforehand by grinding blue cornmeal down to a fine powder and obtaining culinary ash from burnt juniper trees. 

    piki 2
    She began by lighting a fire of cedar wood below her stone cook top.  
    piki 4
    Then, she mixed the grayish blue cornmeal with hot water and added the ash through a fine sieve. The mush looked like sticky play dough, but she continued adding more water to make it thinner. 

     piki 6

    Iva eventually used her hand to finish mixing. 

    piki 7
    Next, she brushed her stone with oil (traditionally oily sheep brains) and ran her hand on top to check the heat.

     

    piki 8

    The thin batter was then hand smeared over the stone into a translucent layer. Iva repeatedly dipped her fingers in the batter to cover any holes and smooth out the layer. The batter bakes instantly and in a very short time becomes dry enough to lift or peel off.  Iva then transferred the near weightless cooked sheet of bread to her table.

     piki 10

    When three or four wafer thin layers are baked and stacked, they are folded and wrapped together. If necessary, they are placed back on the stone for a few seconds to reheat before folding. 

     

    piki 11

    The finished roll is placed in the basket. The entire recipe requires about 3-4 hours work to complete.

    Be sure to stop by to visit Iva as she makes Piki Bread during Indian Market and Festival. For more information about what’s happening Indian Market weekend, and to purchase advance sale tickets, visit Indian Market & Festival info

    Special thanks to Debi Lander for permission to use this blog post.

    For the original post, visit the blog By ~ Lander ~ Sea Food Tales

    ------

    Before the kick-off of Indian Market, the Eiteljorg will host two parties Friday, June 26 – the official IMF Preview Party and the AfterGlow party featuring the 1491s and DJ Kyle Long.

    Preview Party Details
    5:30 p.m. – 9 p.m.
    Price: $90/members $100/non-members
    An exclusive first-look shopping opportunity and reception. Attendees get free weekend passes to Indian Market and Festival.

    IMF AfterGlow
    9 p.m. – 11 p.m.
    Price: Free for AGAVE members and $15/non-members and non-Indian Market and Festival Preview Party attendees
    Grab a glow stick and join us for beverages, dancing, desserts and entertainment by the 1491s and DJ Kyle Long. Interact with artists in a relaxed setting along the canal and underneath The Sails of the Eiteljorg. Call (317) 275-1333 to make reservations.

    Time, Tickets and Parking
    - Indian Market and Festival will be held from 10 a.m. to 5 p.m., in White River State Park’s Military Park, just north of the museum in downtown Indianapolis.

    - Discounted advanced tickets for the event are on sale at the Eiteljorg Museum, on the museum’s website and Marsh Supermarkets or by calling 1-800-622-2024.

    - Advance sale tickets are $10. Tickets during the market are $12 at the gate. Kids 17 and under are FREE. Admission to the Eiteljorg is included.

    - White River State Park underground garage next to the Eiteljorg Museum and IUPUI parking lots across from Military Park provides the most convenient and inexpensive parking for this event. Shuttles to and from the museum are available.

    -Parking in the White River State Park garage will not be validated Indian Market weekend.

    For even more information about what’s happening Indian Market weekend, and to purchase advance sale tickets, visit Indian Market & Festival info.

    Go comment!




  • Indian Market and Festival | Buck by painter Ryan Lee Smith

    by Jaq Nigg, Eiteljorg festivals and markets manager | Jun 23, 2015
     As Indian Market and Festival draws near, we’d like to tell you about some of the things we’re extra excited about.

     
    Number 1: The 1491s
    Number 2: Twin Rivers 
    Number 3: Down Feathers and Masks! 
    Number 4: Stories!
    and..
    Number 5: Buck!

     
    2012 program

    2012 image by potter Jody Naranjo (Santa Clara Pueblo)

    Each year, we choose an image to represent Indian Market and Festival. Usually it is a piece of art from one of the participating market artists. The process of choosing the image can be a little stressful. The image needs to wear a lot of hats; appearing in ads, on t-shirts, party invitations and the program cover. It also needs to convey the feeling of Indian Market and Festival – the celebration of Native American art and cultures. 

    The first thing we do is to identify the artists who received the top scores in the selection process. Then we gather a group of museum staff from curatorial, marketing, the store, festivals and exhibitions to talk about any market themes or goals that need to be addressed with the image. Simple, right?  

     EMIMF14_Tshirt

     2014 image by jeweler Jimmie Harrison (Navajo/Diné)

    Mostly, we want to honor the wonderful artists who come to our show, while featuring something really pretty/fun/interesting that our visitors will want to wear. Which brings us back to our 2015 signature image, Buck.

     BUCK-ryan lee smith
    2015 image by painter Ryan Lee Smith (Cherokee/Choctaw)

    Ryan Lee Smith’s work covers a broad range of representation and intuitive Native abstracts, representing the collective pride of Native people. A pride, he says, that he has experienced first-hand in the communal aspect of Natives helping Natives, working together for the health and future of the community. The Cherokee word for this selflessness and willingness to help each other is pronounced ‘Ga-Du-Gi’. This is a very powerful word in the Cherokee language and an even more powerful act. Smith feels there is a drumbeat within all Native peoples compelling them to remain resilient and proud. He strives to capture this pure and innate pride. His paintings are meant to represent his feelings not only toward Native pride, but also to encompass the true character of Native American people.

     For more information about what’s happening Indian Market weekend, and to purchase advance sale tickets, visit Indian Market & Festival info

    ------

    Before the kick-off of Indian Market, the Eiteljorg will host two parties Friday, June 26 – the official IMF Preview Party and the AfterGlow party featuring the 1491s and DJ Kyle Long.

    Preview Party Details
    5:30 p.m. – 9 p.m.
    Price: $90/members $100/non-members
    An exclusive first-look shopping opportunity and reception. Attendees get free weekend passes to Indian Market and Festival.

    IMF AfterGlow
    9 p.m. – 11 p.m.
    Price: Free for AGAVE members and $15/non-members and non-Indian Market and Festival Preview Party attendees
    Grab a glow stick and join us for beverages, dancing, desserts and entertainment by the 1491s and DJ Kyle Long. Interact with artists in a relaxed setting along the canal and underneath The Sails of the Eiteljorg. Call (317) 275-1333 to make reservations.

    Time, Tickets and Parking
    - Indian Market and Festival will be held from 10 a.m. to 5 p.m., in White River State Park’s Military Park, just north of the museum in downtown Indianapolis.

    - Discounted advanced tickets for the event are on sale at the Eiteljorg Museum, on the museum’s website and Marsh Supermarkets or by calling 1-800-622-2024.

    - Advance sale tickets are $10. Tickets during the market are $12 at the gate. Kids 17 and under are FREE. Admission to the Eiteljorg is included.

    - White River State Park underground garage next to the Eiteljorg Museum and IUPUI parking lots across from Military Park provides the most convenient and inexpensive parking for this event. Shuttles to and from the museum are available.

    -Parking in the White River State Park garage will not be validated Indian Market weekend.

    For even more information about what’s happening Indian Market weekend, and to purchase advance sale tickets, visit Indian Market & Festival info.

    Go comment!




  • Indian Market and Festival 2015 | Celebrating Great Stories

    by Jaq Nigg, Eiteljorg festivals and markets manager | Jun 23, 2015
    As Indian Market and Festival draws near, we’d like to tell you about some of the things we’re extra excited about.

    Number 1: The 1491s
    Number 2: Twin Rivers 
    Number 3: Down Feathers and Masks! 
    and...
    Number 4: Stories!

    At Indian Market and Festival, June 27-28, we will celebrate the artistry and cultural importance of storytelling, through stories, artwork, music and food.

    Storytelling is a diverse and powerful medium of imagery and description. Stories are both the key and the door to other times, peoples and cultures. They illustrate the lives and values of Native peoples, giving perspective on life in America before contact, as well as after the dramatic changes post contact. The role of storytelling in piecing together the past is important, but the continued importance of modern storytelling in Native cultures shows the significance of changes to values and daily life.

    There are as many different stories as there are tribes, stories that document history and illuminate the physical past; creation stories that establish the origin of life and values; educational stories that teach lessons and morals; healing stories that impact wounds and seek to make a positive return back to strength, faith, tradition and family; and humorous stories that entertain and captivate audiences.

    Earlier, we talked about our excitement to hear stories from comedy group, The 1491s and from esteemed Tsimshian artist David R. Boxley.

    But that’s not all!

    STORYTELLERS - leaf arrow storytellers

     The Leaf Arrow Storytellers, Donna Couteau Cross (Sac and Fox) and Joe Cross (Caddo/ Potawatomi), mix coyote and creation stories with folklore for a rich experience interlaced with songs and traditional dances. They celebrate Native cultures, traditions, family life and respect for Mother Earth and the environment with contemporary and historical stories that honor tribal family values.

     STORYTELLERS - 0036

    Teresa Webb (Anishinaabe) is the storyteller-in-residence at the Eiteljorg. She teaches cultural awareness and presents Native cultures through storytelling and songs. She is also an artist, drummer, rattle maker, Native flute player and poet.

     

    STORYTELLERS 3_MG_8246

    DG House (Cherokee of NE Alabama) is a photographer, painter and printmaker whose stories reflect a love for nature and encompass the many sides of history.

     

     STORYTELLERS - 0123

    SouthEastern Waterspider Drum tell stories through song, performing authentic northeastern and southeastern Woodland Native American music. Singers and drummers celebrate Cherokee, Choctaw, Creek, Lumbee, Shawnee and North East Susquehanna Indian cultures.  

    For more information about what’s happening Indian Market weekend, and to purchase advance sale tickets, visit Indian Market & Festival info 

    ------

    Before the kick-off of Indian Market, the Eiteljorg will host two parties Friday, June 26 – the official IMF Preview Party and the AfterGlow party featuring the 1491s and DJ Kyle Long.

    Preview Party Details
    5:30 p.m. – 9 p.m.
    Price: $90/members $100/non-members
    An exclusive first-look shopping opportunity and reception. Attendees get free weekend passes to Indian Market and Festival.

    IMF AfterGlow
    9 p.m. – 11 p.m.
    Price: Free for AGAVE members and $15/non-members and non-Indian Market and Festival Preview Party attendees
    Grab a glow stick and join us for beverages, dancing, desserts and entertainment by the 1491s and DJ Kyle Long. Interact with artists in a relaxed setting along the canal and underneath The Sails of the Eiteljorg. Call (317) 275-1333 to make reservations.

    Time, Tickets and Parking
    - Indian Market and Festival will be held from 10 a.m. to 5 p.m., in White River State Park’s Military Park, just north of the museum in downtown Indianapolis.

    - Discounted advanced tickets for the event are on sale at the Eiteljorg Museum, on the museum’s website and Marsh Supermarkets or by calling 1-800-622-2024.

    - Advance sale tickets are $10. Tickets during the market are $12 at the gate. Kids 17 and under are FREE. Admission to the Eiteljorg is included.

    - White River State Park underground garage next to the Eiteljorg Museum and IUPUI parking lots across from Military Park provides the most convenient and inexpensive parking for this event. Shuttles to and from the museum are available.

    -Parking in the White River State Park garage will not be validated Indian Market weekend.

    For even more information about what’s happening Indian Market weekend, and to purchase advance sale tickets, visit Indian Market & Festival info.

    Go comment!
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